Protecting Children

You Won't Drink It But, You'll Bath The Baby In It?


People have gotten very upset with me when we have this conversation but most people have no idea what Chlorine, Chloramines or Fluoride do you your body, how fast they get in and how much worse it is for an infant or child.


Infants and Children


Chlorine & Chloramines:


Chlorine is the major disinfectant used in municipal water treatment.  Chloramine is an ineffective disinfectant.  According to Hach, chloramines are 25 times less effective than chlorine in disinfection.  This is important because, if dosing and mixing are not precise, utilities effectively expose everyone in the system to raw water.  In fact, chloramines are so ineffective that utilities that use them are required to at least annually go back to just chlorine to clean out the bacteria that has become accustomed to ammonia.


Ammonia is a food source for bacteria, so when the Chloramine breaks down, the ammonia actually feeds the bacteria it is supposed to stop.  Further, a byproduct of this is nitrification. Nitrogen is released into the water that causes more growth of bacteria. This can cause a nasty real-world, human issue, blue baby syndrome, because the nitrates reduce hemoglobin in a newborn baby’s blood.


The recent connection made between chloramines and cellular damage. In a study conducted by the University of Illinois Champaign-Urbana shows that genetic damage occurs when exposed to chloramines.  This is consistent with the fact any Chloramine water must have chloramines removed before use in fish tanks and kidney dialysis; now there may be other connections to cellular damage.  Further, chloramines are five times more damaging to respiratory illnesses in hospitals where routine use of chloramines were used to disinfect. 


If you children have asthma, respiratory problems, allergies or immunity issues you need to remove Chloramines from all your water.


The larger issue is infants, studies have shown almost triple the amount of Chlorine and Chloramines in the blood serum of infants for the same given exposure of an adult.  Plus, an infants organs are unable to get rid of the Chlorine or Chloramines like an adult.  Never put an infant into municipal tap water.



Fluoride: Provided by source


Fluoride Action Network:


Of all age groups, infants are the most vulnerable to fluoride toxicity. Due to their small size, infants receive up to 400% more fluoride (per pound of body weight) than adults consuming the same level of fluoride in water. Not only do infants receive a larger dose, they have an impaired ability to excrete fluoride through their kidneys. Healthy adults can excrete more than 50% of an ingested fluoride dose; infants, by contrast, can only excrete 15 to 20%. This leads to a greater build-up of fluoride in the body, and may help explain why infants fed formula made with fluoridated water suffer higher rates of dental fluorosis, a discoloration of the teeth caused by excessive fluoride ingestion during childhood.


Teeth are not the only tissue that can be affected by fluoride exposure during infancy. A baby’s blood brain barrier is not fully developed at birth, and this allows fluoride, a neurotoxin, greater access to the brain than in later periods in life. Over 30 studies have associated elevated fluoride exposure with neurological impairment in children, which may, in part, result from fluoride’s affect on the thyroid gland. In light of the serious nature of these effects, and the lack of benefit from pre-eruptive ingestion of fluoride, basic precautionary principles strongly counsel against exposing infants to any fluoride.


Concerns about the wisdom of supplementing an infant’s diet with fluoride are being voiced by even ardent pro-fluoride dental organizations. In 1994, the American Dental Association (ADA), American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), and American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) reversed their decades-long policy of recommending that doctors prescribe fluoride supplements to newborn infants. While these organizations have refrained from taking the obvious step of recommending that fluoridated water not be added to infant formula (a practice that exposes infants to nearly 4 times more fluoride than supplements) a growing number of prominent dental researchers have made this recommendation.


Center for Disease Control:


Fluoride intake from water and other fluoride sources, such as toothpaste and mouth rinses; during the ages when teeth are forming (from birth through age 8) also can result in changes in the appearance of the tooth’s

surface called dental fluorosis. In the United States, the majority of dental fluorosis is mild and appears as white spots that are barely noticeable and difficult for anyone except a dental health care professional to see.


Recent evidence suggests that mixing powdered or liquid infant formula concentrate with fluoridated water on a regular basis may increase the chance of a child developing the faint, white markings of very mild or mild enamel fluorosis.


You can use fluoridated water for preparing infant formula. However, if your child is exclusively consuming infant formula reconstituted with fluoridated water, there may be an increased chance for mild dental fluorosis. To lessen this chance, parents can use low-fluoride bottled water some of the time to mix infant formula; these bottled waters are labeled as de-ionized, purified, demineralized, or distilled.


Infant formula manufacturers take steps to assure that infant formula contains low fluoride levels—the products themselves are not the issue. Although formula itself has low amounts of fluoride, if your child is exclusively consuming infant formula reconstituted with fluoridated water, there may be an increased chance for mild dental fluorosis.


Infants consume little other than breast milk or formula during the first 4 to 6 months of life, and continue to have a high intake of liquids during the entire first year. Therefore, proportional to body weight, fluoride intake may be higher for younger or smaller children than for older children, adolescents, or adults.



Journal of Public Health Dentistry:


We reviewed the major changes in infant feeding practices that have occurred since 1930 and the changes in fluoride intakes by infants and young children associated with changes in feeding practices. Results and Conclusions: Based on this review, we conclude that fluoride intakes of infants and children have shown a rather steady increase since 1930, are likely to continue to increase, and will be associated with further increase in the prevalence of enamel fluorosis unless intervention measures are instituted. Recommendations: We believe the most important measures that should be undertaken are (1) use, when feasible, of water low in fluoride for dilution of infant formulas; (2) adult supervision of tooth brushing by children younger than 5 years of age; and (3) changes in recommendations for administration of fluoride supplements so that such supplements are not given to infants and more stringent criteria are applied for administration to children.




San Diego Pure Water:


On Fluoride we suggest that you get it out of the water for your children, it is too risky to take the chance in our opinion.  It is as toxic as Arsenic according to the EPA and there is no debate on Arsenic in your water.



San Diego Pure Water

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