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How To Treat Hard Water
What are the technologies for treating hard water?
How a water softener treats hard water!
One solution for your hard
water problems are to get rid
of the calcium and magnesium
with a water softener. A typical
water softener is a mechanical
appliance that's plumbed into
your home's water supply
system. All water softeners
use the same operating
principle: They trade
the minerals for something
else, in most cases sodium.
The process is called ion
exchange. The heart of a
water softener is a mineral
tank. It's filled with small
polystyrene beads, also known
as resin or zeolite. The beads
carry a negative charge.
Calcium and magnesium in water both carry positive charges. This means that these minerals will cling to the beads as the hard water passes through the mineral tank. Sodium ions also have positive charges, albeit not as strong as the charge on the calcium and magnesium. When a very strong brine solution is flushed through a tank that has beads already saturated with calcium and magnesium, the sheer volume of the sodium ions is enough to drive the calcium and magnesium ions off the beads. Water softeners have a separate brine tank that uses common salt to create this brine solution.
In normal operation, hard water moves into the mineral tank and the calcium and magnesium ions move to the beads, replacing sodium ions. The sodium ions go into the water. Once the beads are saturated with calcium and magnesium, the unit enters a 3-phase regenerating cycle. First, the backwash phase reverses water flow to flush dirt out of the tank. In the recharge phase, the concentrated sodium-rich salt solution is carried from the brine tank through the mineral tank. The sodium collects on the beads, replacing the calcium and magnesium, which go down the drain. Once this phase is over, the mineral tank is flushed of excess brine and the brine tank is refilled.
Most popular water softeners have an automatic regenerating system. The most basic type has an electric timer that flushes and recharges the system on a regular schedule. During recharging, soft water is not available but, in our UltraSoft II, soft water is always available.
The best, most efficient type of control uses a computer and sensors that watch how much water is used and the level of hardness. When enough water has passed through the mineral tank to have depleted the beads of sodium, the computer triggers regeneration. These softeners often have reserve resin capacity, so that some soft water will be available during recharging.
A third type of control uses a mechanical water meter to measure water usage and initiate recharging. The advantage of this system is that it is more efficient and effective than any timer style softener.
Protect Your Family & Home
How a water conditioner treats hard water!
Another solution that works extremely well is water conditioning, water conditioning means that we are not removing the Calcium or Magnesium from the water but we are breaking Calcium Bicarbonate apart into non-scaling molecules. The best water conditioning technologies available in the United States are Template Assisted Crystallization (TAC) or Nucleic Assisted Crystallization (NAC). Both these systems have shown to be the best non-salt alternative for treating hard water and scale. They have both been proven in University Studies to be the best of the best of water conditioning technologies.
How They Work
Highly refined and patented ceramic filtration media is designed to attract Calcium Bicarbonate (Scale) and split the Bicarbonate into two Carbonates, one free and one as Calcium Carbonate. These two molecules do not create scale in fact we find that systems like these actually remove old scale from your pipes.
One of the major bonuses of using water conditioning is that these systems waste no water, they do not need to backwash and require no maintenance except for media replacement once every 5 to 7 years.
One of the major drawbacks is that water conditioning does not give the water the feel of water softening. If you have a water softener now and love it we would not recommend making the switch unless you don't like the feel of soft water!
Advantages of Water Conditioning
• No salts required.
• No back-washing required.
• No regeneration cycle required.
• No increase in sodium content in water.
• Cleans the previous scales of plumbing.
• Catalytic process converts Ca and Mg into harmless microcrystals.
• Maintenance free. No extra cost incurred.
• No chemicals required for disinfection.
• No electrical connections required.
• No drain connections required.
• No control valves required.
• Very easy to install.
• Very healthy water.
Soft Water Benefits:
There are many benefits to using soft water. Conditioned water enhances your home life in ways both subtle and significant. Tap water tastes better. Towels and sheets feel better. Glassware gets a renewed sparkle. Tile shines, and faucets gleam. Soaps and shampoos have a richer lather that rinses more completely. Detergents and cleaning agents perform better. Plumbing, water fixtures, and all water-using appliances like; washing machines, dishwashers, water heaters, and steamers will all last longer! Soft water makes cleaning products last longer too. Use only 2 tablespoons of your favorite automatic dish soap in the closed cup only of the dishwasher. In the washing machine ½ the amount! For hair washing use much less. Your whites will be whiter. Your clothes won’t wear out as fast meaning, less lint! Your skin and hair will be softer and silkier. Soft water is also a time saver when it comes to cleaning. Significantly reducing soap scum build up in the bathtub and shower means less time down on your hands and knees!
San Diego Pure Water has more water & salt saving softening systems than any other company in California. That means lower costs in the long and short term! Plus our fully trained and licensed installers and service team guarantees reliability and efficiency from people who care about your health and wellbeing. We will beat any comparable system equipment price buy 10%. Call 760-298-7041 for a free consultation.
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San Diego Pure Water
Eco-Friendly Scientific & Sustainable Filtration Technologies
The Smart Choice For Your Water Treatment!